Madhaviya Sankara-digvijaya..3

” I have come to the conclusion that the work is no independent composition of one single author but is merely a collection of stanzas from four or even more earlier works, added to some nucleus if any that may have once existed, the nature and extent of which can not be ascertained today. I feel that it is unworthy of a genius like Vidyaranya. My findings are:

Out of the Total number of about 1848 verses, comprising the 16 chapters of this work, I.e. Madhaviya, about 1100 stanzas are found to be common to 4 other works, as follows:

1. Vyasacala Sankaravijaya … 475 stanzas

2. Tirumala Dikshita’s

Sankarabhyudaya …. 475 stanzas

3. Rajachudamani Dikshita’s

Sankarabhyudaya …. 125 stanzas

4. Ramabhadra Dikshita’s

Patanjali Carita …. 11 stanzas

Total 1086 stanzas

In most of the cases, verbatim stanzas in succession are found common. In a few cases, only some lines are common while in still fewer cases, substance is the same but stanzas have been composed afresh…”

– Sankshepa-Sankara-jaya of Madhavacarya, Dr.W.R.Antarkar, Post-graduate and Research Department Series No.45, Bhandarkar OrientalResearch Institute, Pune (2004)

Madhaviya Sankara-digvijaya – 2

Eminent scholars have pronounced that Madhaviya Sankaravijaya is not a work of Vidyaranya and that it is not of much historical value, vide:-

(1) ‘Sanskrit – English Dictionary’ – Sir Monier Williams 1899

(2) ‘Catalogue of Sanskrit Manuscripts’ – Dr. Burnell.

(3) ‘History of Naga Sannyasins’ — Dr. Jadunath Sircar.

(4) Article in ‘Indian Antiquary’ — Vol. V. by K.T. Telang.

(5) Preface to ‘Naishadiya Caritam’ of Sriharsa (p.III) by Mahamahopadhyaya Dadica Pandita Sivadatta Sarma.

(6) Preface to ‘Karpuramanjari’ by Mahamahopadhyaya Durga Prasad.

(7) ‘Bengali Visvakosa’ (Hindi edition – 1892).

(Hindi translation of ‘Ratnaprabha’ and ‘Bharatiya Samskṛti aur Sadhana (1962 and 1977 — page 95) by Mahamahopadhyaya, Padmavibhushan Gopinath Kaviraj

(9) ‘The Age of Sankaracarya;’ (p.10) by Pandit N. Bhashyacharya (Adyar Library, Madras – 1890).

(10) ‘Sankaracarita’ by Mahamahopadhyaya Sripada Krishnamurthy Sastri (A.P.).

(11) ‘Sankaracarya’s Life’ by Dhirendranath Pall (Bengal).

(12) ‘Sankaracarya Andhra Mahakavya’, by Vembrarlu Suryanarayana Rao.

(13) ‘Indian Chronology’ — by Dr. Triveda — Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Bombay 1959.

(14) ‘Sankaravijaya Dindima’, by Brahmavidyananda Bharati Swami (pp.51, 52).

(15) Sankaracarya’ (in Hindi) by Prof. Baladev Upadhyaya (published by Hindustani Academy, Allahabad, 1962).

(16) ‘Age of Vidyaranya’, by Prof. K.R. Venkatraman.

(17) ‘Sankshepa Sankara-jaya of Madhavacarya’ by W.R.Antarkar, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune (2004)

Madhaviya Sankara-digvijaya – 1

The Madhaviya Sankara-digvijaya is not included in the canonical works of Sri Vidyaranya. This book was published with Sri Vidyaranya’s name in the Anandashram edition, Series no.22, Poona, only in 1891.

The author of this recent work is decidedly not Vidyaranya for the following reasons :-

1. The epithet Navakalidasa (Canto I, 9 & 10), assumed by the author, is not found in any of Vidyaranya’s works.

2. Navakalidasa Madhava, author of Bhagavatacampu, and Navakalidasa Madhava, author of Sankaradigvijaya, have been identified as one and the same person by scholars.

3. Many verses have been quoted in this work from the biographies written by Vyasacala, Tirumala Dikshita and Rajacudamani Dikshita – all posterior to Vidyaranya.

4. References to Sankaracarya’s meeting Udayana, Dandin, Mayura, Abinavagupta and Sriharsha, (made in this work), is historically wrong.

5. Vidyaranya’s style is generally simple, and his verses are in Anushtup metre (Pancadasi- all 1571 verses and Anubhuti- prakasa — all 2809 verses) are only in Anushtup.

6. Style of Sankaradigvijaya is akin to that of Bhagavata Campu.

7. Sankaradigvijaya is not noted in any recognised list of Vidyaranya’s works.

8.Guruvamsa Kavya and Madhaviya Sankaravijaya, the two most authoritative texts of the Sringeri matha give different versions of incidents of the life of Sankaracarya.

9. During the Tatanka Pratishta case, the Court asked the two parties to furnish evidence in support of their claim. Only the Kanchi Matha (defendant) placed ancient works like Sivarahasyam, Anandagiriyam Markandeya Samhita etc. as evidence. The plaintiffs did not produce any Sankaravijaya including Madhaviya before the Court. Hence, few eminent scholars opine that this work could have been prepared and produced after 1844, by using the name of Sri Vidyaranya muni.