Shri Sureshvaracharya – Part 2 (Contd.)

Special article commemorating the Maha Kumbhabhishekam of Shri Sureshvaracharya Adhishtanam Shrine at Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham Shrimatham, Kanchipuram on 03.5.2024.

Part-2 (contd.)

Sureshvaracharya Adhishtanam inside Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham Shri Matham

The Sureshvaracharya Adhishtanam or Samadhi is located within the premises of Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham. Historical records indicate that this has been in worship for a long time.

Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam was shifted to Kumbhakonam and remained there for a brief period due to political unrest and religious persecution caused by invaders. Further, it is well-known that the repair and re-consecration of the Tatankas of Akhilandeshvari at Tiruvanaikkaval has been traditionally carried on by the Jagadgurus of the Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam.

During the time of the 64th Acharya of Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham, Jagadguru Shri Chandrashekharendra Sarasvati Shankaracharya Swamigal, a case was filed by the representative of the Tunga matha in 1844. This case was duly dismissed with costs and the traditional rights of Shri Kamakoti Peetam was confirmed by the Principal Sadar Ameen Court, Tiruchirapalli. The two appeals filed by the Tunga side were also rejected by the Appellate Courts.

What is notable here is that the response by Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham was presented with evidence that “The plaintiff’s argument claiming there is no matham in Kanchipuram serves no purpose whatsoever. Inside the matham lies the adhishthanam of Shri Sureshvaracharya, also known as Mandanamishra, along with an agraharam in his name, and several other adhishthanams and Brindavanams in the area.”

Proof was also presented of arrangements of poojas and maintenance by the Karyasthas of Shrimatham that continued in these adhishtanams even during the very difficult period of the shifting, conflict and while the Acharyas, Chandramaulishvara and Bangaru Kamakshi were all on the move!

It is extremely important to note that the Tunga matha’s side in that court case did not challenge this statement regarding the existence of Sureshvaracharya Samadhi inside Shri Kamakoti Peetham Shrimatham in Kanchipuram. Nor was any contradictory evidence provided.

Shri Sureshvaracharya – Part 2

Special article commemorating the Maha Kumbhabhishekam of Shri Sureshvaracharya Adhishtanam Shrine at Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham Shrimatham, Kanchipuram on 03.5.2024.


Shri Sureshvaracharya and the Indra Sampradaya:

By the word “follower of Indra Sampradaya”, we understand that Shri Sureshvaracharya alone was considered the first acharya who bore the Indrasarasvati title. It cannot be argued that the word “sampradaya” used here in this text refers to a generic reference of Shri Sureshvaracharya’s association with the incident of Indra appearing and granting his shakti to Shri Sureshvaracharya alone.

This is because the earlier chapter – the 62nd Prakaranam of Anandagiriya Shankara Vijayam clearly talks about the establishment of the “Bharati Sampradaya” and the Bhogalinga at the sangama of the rivers Tunga and Bhadra. So sampradaya according to this text refers to the sannyasa nama.

Pandit Tarkaratna Panchanana the great Samskrta scholar (1866-1940) who interacted with Jagadguru Shri Chandrashekharendra Sarasvati Shankaracharya Swamigal during his Gangadi Vijaya Yatra corroborates this.

On 13th July 1935 Jagadguru Chandrashekharendra Sarasvati Swamigal reached Kolkata and observed Chaturmasya there. On behalf of the Bangiya Brahmana Sabha, Pandit Tarkaratna Panchanana read out an abhinandana patram for the Jagadguru. He pointed out the significance of the yogapatta “Indrasaraswati” that belonged to the Acharyas of Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam. In that address, he specifically alludes to Shri Sureshvaracharya being the first bearer of the Indrasarasvati nama,

सुरेश्वराचार्यगुरुक्रमादिदं सरस्वतीनाम तदर्थवाचिना ।
सहेन्द्रशब्देन पुरः प्रवृत्तीना प्रगृह्यते तन्मठपीठगोप्तृभिः ॥

Shri Sureshvaracharya And Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam (Part 1- contd.)

(Special article commemorating the Maha Kumbhabhishekam of Shri Sureshvaracharya Adhishtanam Shrine at Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham Shrimatham, Kanchipuram on 03-5-2024.)

The Markandeya Samhita manuscripts of which, are found in the Oriental Library Mysore and Adyar Library also corroborates this evidence. The 72nd Kanda, 7th Parispanda of this work says that in the beautiful city of Kanchipuram, in Kamakoti, Shri Shankaracharya installed the exalted yoga lingam. He appointed Shri Sureshvaracharya to worship it and made him the Peetadhipathi.

काञ्च्यां श्रीकामकोटौ तु योगलिङ्ङ्गमनुत्तमम् । प्रतिष्ठाप्य सुरेशायं पूजार्थं युयुजे गुरुः ॥ ७/१५ ॥सुरेश्वराचार्यवरं स्वशिष्यं काञ्चीपुरसुन्दरकामकोटौ।श्रीचन्द्रमौलीश्वरपूजनार्थं नियोज्य चक्रेऽस्य धराधिपत्यम् ॥८/२॥(Mysore ORI & Adyar Library – मार्कण्डेयसंहिता ७२ काण्डे ७ परिस्पन्दे ११)

Shri Sureshvaracharya during Shri Shankaracharya’s Siddhi

At the time of Shri Shankaracharya’s siddhi in Kanchipuram, He sends his sishyas Paramatakalanala and others for the establishment of Shanmatas. Anandagiriyam here again mentions Shri Sureshvaracharya with the adjective “follower of Indra Sampradaya”.

Jagadguru Shri Shankaracharya, after sending His sannyasi sishyas Paramatakalaanala and others for various tasks (such as Shanmatha sthapanam), called Shri Sureshvara, follower of the Indrasampradaya, saying, “Oh Shishya, send this Mokshalinga, to Chidambaram.” Then desiring to go to his own loka, He remained in the Mokshapuri of Kanchi and absorbed His gross body into the subtle, the subtle into the causal and attained the unlimited bliss.

ततः परं सर्वलोकगुरुः आचार्यः स्वशिष्यान् परमतकालानलादियतीन् तदन्यांश्च तत्र तत्र विषयेषु प्रेषयित्वा तदनन्तरं समीपस्थ इन्द्रसंप्रदायानुवर्तिनं सुरेश्वराचार्यमाहूम “भो शिष्य । इदं मोक्षलिङ्गं चिदम्बरस्थ (ले) [लं प्रति] प्रेषय इत्युक्त्वा…

Image: Shri Sureshvaracharya Adhishtanam, Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham Jagadguru Shrimatham, Kanchipuram.

Shri Sureshvaracharya And Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam (Part 1)

(Special article commemorating the Maha Kumbhabhishekam of Shri Sureshvaracharya Adhishtanam Shrine at Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham Shrimatham, Kanchipuram on 03-5-2024.)

Shri Shankaracharya visited Mahishmati as part of His digvijayam. There, He defeated Mandana mishra. According to the Punyashlokamanjari, Mandanamishra was a Gauda brahmana, born in Kashmira and a disciple of Shri Kumarila Bhatta. After his defeat, he accepts Sannyasa from Shankaracharya and becomes Shri Sureshvaracharya. Shri Sureshvaracharya wrote the varttika on the Taittiriya Upanishad bhashya and Brhadaranyaka Upanishad bhashya of Shri Shankara Bhagavatpada. He also has written texts such as Naishkarmya siddhi with an admixture of prose and verse with many examples that are modelled on Shri Bhagavatpada’s Updadeshasahasri. In addition, there are a few other works such as Manasollasa commentary to the Dakshinamurti Stotra. Shri Sureshvaracharya’s impact can also be felt in many other writers such as Vachaspati Mishra.

Shri Sureshvaracharya and Kanchipuram

According to the 65th Prakarana of Anandagiriya Shankara Vijayam, titled Shrichakra Pratishta and Yogalingasthapanam, Shri Shankaracharya comes to Kanchipuram and first. consecrates a Shrichakra there. He establishes a matha fit for his own residence there and then asks Shri Sureshvaracharya to worship the Yogalingam and asks him to stay on in Kamakoti Pitham.

तत्रैव निजवासयोग्यं मठमपि परिकल्प्य तत्र निजसिद्धान्तपद्धतिम् अद्वैतं प्रकाशयितुम् अन्तेवासिनं सुरेश्वरमाहूय योगनामकं लिङ्गं पूजयेति तस्मै दत्वा त्वमत्र कामकोटिपीठमवधिवस इति व्यवस्थाप्य शिष्यजनैः परिपूज्यमानः श्रीपरमगुरुः सुखमास। (आनन्दगिरीये श्रीचक्रप्रतिष्ठा योगलिङ्ङ्गस्थापनं नाम पञ्चषष्टिकं प्रकरणम्)

மண்டனமிச்ர அக்ரஹாரம்

“அக்காலம் காஞ்சி தன்னில் அக்கிரகாரம் ஒன்றைத்

தக்காராம் சுரேசர் கட்டித் தானம் செய்தாரதற்கு

உரைத்ததால் மண்டன மிச்சிரரக்கிரகார மென்ன இக்

காலத்தினுமப்பேரே இசைப்பார்கள் எங்கும்மாதோ” -சங்கரவிஜயசிந்தாமணி

ஸ்ரீசுரேச்வராசார்யர் காஞ்சியில் ஒரு பெரும் அக்ரஹாரத்தை அமைத்தனர். ஸ்ரீகச்சபேச்வரர் கோயிலருகில் உள்ள இவ்வகரம் இவர்தம் பூர்வாச்ரமப் பெயரால் மண்டனமிச்ரர் அக்ரஹாரம் எனப்பட்டது.

ஸ்ரீசுரேச்வரர் காஞ்சியில் கலியாண்டு 2695 (பொ.யு.மு. 407)-ல் (பவ-ஜ்யேஷ்ட-சுக்லதுவாதசி) சித்தியுற்றனர். இன்றும் ஸ்ரீகாஞ்சீ காமகோடி பீடம் ஜகத்குரு ஸ்ரீசங்கராசார்ய ஸ்வாமிகள் அவர்களின் ஸ்ரீமடத்தில் ஸ்ரீசுரேச்வரர் சந்நிதியும் திருவுருவுமுள்ளன.

இவர்க்குப் பின் காஞ்சி ஸ்ரீகாமகோடி பீடத்தில் இவரால் போஷிக்கப்பட்ட சிறுவரான ஸ்ரீ சர்வக்ஞாத்மேந்திரர் ஸ்ரீபீடம் ஏறினர். -வித்வான் புலவர் வே.ம. அவர்கள்

Brahmibhava of Bhagavatpada – N.S.Ananthakrishna Shastri

Vidvan Shri. N.S.Ananthakrishna Shastri in the appendix to the edition of Brahmasiddhi – Bhavashuddhi and Abhiprayaprakashika of Chitsukhacharya, published in 1963 says the following about the Siddhisthala of Shri Adi Shankara Bhagavatpadacharya.

There is no conflict or virodha between taking the brahmibhava of Shri Shankara bhagavatpada in Kanchipuram after the anointment of Shri Sureshvaracharya (with what is said in the Madhaviya).

In the Madhaviya Shankara Vijaya, Shri Bhagavatpada who came from Badarikashrama, after His avatara karya, returning to Kailasa, the prayer of the Devatas pray to Him. In the Anantanandagiri Shankara Vijaya, the brahmibhavam in Kanchipuram is described. Due to this – in one place we have the ascent to Kailasa in one and in another the aikya in Kanchipuram itself is said. This may seem like a conflict.

According to what is said in Brahmasutra,

“कारणत्वेन चाकाशादिषु यथाव्यपदिषोक्तेः” (Although there is a conflict of the Vedanta texts as regards the things created such as ether and so on, there is no such conflict with respect to Brahman as the First Cause, on account of being represented in one text as described in other texts). Likewise, the merging with the akasha in one and the merging of tejas and others elsewhere – as explained in the बस्तुख्यातिविघातिवादितिमिरं नैष्कर्म्य सिद्धिस्फुट- व्याख्याचन्द्रिकया विधूय सुधियां सद्दृष्टिमुन्मीलयन् । अन्तः संभृतशान्तवेदनसुघोहयोतः समुद्दद्योतते – सर्वज्ञाश्रमचन्द्रमा त्रिजगतीसर्वज्ञचूडामणिः ॥creation.

There even if there is an appearance of conflict, “The creation of Aksha and Vayu and then Tejas and others” – is resolved by this sequence.

Likewise, how is saying that from Badarikashrama, coming to Kanchi, Bhagavatapada attained aikyam be a conflict? Even now, great sannyasis, when they are in another grama accept the prarthana of devotees to come to one’s grama, and in between stay for a few years in the middle in various places and then arrive there? This being the case how does the stay in between make the final destination invalid?

It is not known whose work Chidvilasiya Shankara Vijaya in the form of a dialogue between Vignanakanda and Chidvilasa in the course of Shankara Vijaya Vilasa is. Therefore it has to be taken as a lesser pramanam than the Shankara Vijayam of Anantanandagiri. However since it is said there also that Sarvajnapitham is in Kanchi, and Shri Bhagavatpada ascended the SarvajnaPitha is said there as well, it is clear that Kanchi Pitham is Sarvajnapitham of Shri Bhagavatpada.

Kamakshi and Kamakoti Pitham -3

English Translation of Samskrtam Article by Panditaraja Pattabhirama Shastri, Vidyavachaspati, Varanasi, Part-3

This place is known as Kamakoti Pitha due to its being the place where Jagadamba in the form of Shakti reigns here. Kamakshi who is ruling this world with her divine eyes, created crores of Manmathas and fulfilled the wishes of Kama, the husband of Rati. That is described in the Amba Stava as,

दग्धं यदा मदनमेकमनेकधा ते मुग्धे कटाक्षविधिरङ्कुरयाञ्चकार ।

धत्ते तदा प्रभृति देवि ललाटनेत्रं नित्यं ह्रियैव मुकुलीकृतमिन्दुमौलिः॥

Shiva who was won by Kama says,

‘एषा भूमिब्रह्मपुत्री गोरूपेणाखिलं जगत् ।

धृत्वा वसति चाद्यापि तस्या भूमेः सुरोत्तमाः ॥

वक्त्रं तु गोमुखक्षेत्रं श्रीपुरं शीर्षतां गतम् ।

हिमालयः कण्ठदेशः केदारं कुक्षिदेशगम् ॥

वाराणसीपृष्ठदेशो मूलं तत्कमलालयम् ।

काञ्चीदेशः पुरी काञ्ची तन्मध्यं कामकोष्टकम् ॥

तस्यमध्यमिदं द्वारं बिलमेतत्सुरोत्तमाः ॥ इति ।

Thus the sangama of various Mahakshetrams named Kamakoshta, the pitha of Jagadamba Kamakshi, this Pitha named Kamakoshta shines in knowledge as well. Even today the sangama of Sarvatirtha is counted among the Sarvatirtha of Bhageerathi. Thus, Kanchipuram is counted as among the divyakshetram, divyatirtham, and divyapitham.

The Goddess of auspicious sacred form, Rajarajeshvari, known as Kamakshi, displaying her many lilas, reigns in this Pitha.This pitha is most ancient.

Bhagavatpada Shri Jagadguru Shankaracharya, when travelling in this region, understanding the greatness of Kanchi, just as he installed shrichakra in various places, installed a Shrichakra here as well. Worshipping the supreme goddess who reigns in the Shri Chakra – Shri Mahatripurasundari and obtained the grace of that lotus-eyed goddess, Acharyapada ascended the Sarvajna Peetha in Kanchipuram and conquering all the avaidika matas, establishing his matha here, bestowed the sannyasa diksha and sannyaasaabhisheka duly as per procedural injunctions, to Sarvajna(tma), gave him the yogalingam that was worshipped by Himself, among the five lingas that He brought back from Kailasa, and assigned Sureshvaracharya to protect the young shishya, with the understanding that the work He came for – dharmarakshana and weeding of durmatas, attained oneness with Paramba Kamakshi.

For this, there are innumerable pramanika granthas such as Shivarahasya, Markandeya Samhita, Anandagiri ShankaraVijaya, BrhacchankaraVijaya, Vyasachaliya. I argue that citing them will be like grinding ground batter. From Acharya ShriSarvajnacharana, worshipping the yogalinga and Shri Mahatripurasundari as per procedure, sanctifying this nation through dharmopadesha, and establishing the adhyatmashakti in the world, the Acharyas of Kamakoti Pitha duly have been carrying forward what was obtained from Bhagavatpada,

There in the avicchinna parampara, the very form of compassion, one who is like a jivanmukta, always meditating upon the self, Shri Chandrashekharendra Saraswati Shricharana the 68th Acharya shines as if the very form of Kamakshi. Fortunate indeed is the compassionate Acharya! The reason for that is:

व्योमेति बिन्दुरिति नाद इतीन्दुलेखा रूपेतिवाग्भवतनूरिति मातृकेति।

निष्यन्दमानसुखबोधनिजस्वरूपो विद्योतसे मनसि भाग्यवतां जनानाम् ॥

He is currently performing penance for the welfare of the world iin that Kamakoshtha, like another incarnation of Bhagavatpada in Kalavai near Kanchipuram in His guru’s adhishtana after duly bestowing the sannyasadiksha to the qualified Shri Jayendra Saraswati Pada as the 69th Acharya according to procedure from childhood, and having taught all shastras to him, and to take responsibility of all the Matham and Pitham related work, and to carry on the activities of puja, dharmopadesha and dharmaprachara.

It is our fortune that Jagadguru Jayendra Saraswati Shripada worshipped kshetras and tirthas from Kanyakumari to Himalayas and with extraordinary dedication performing puja reigns as the Kamakoti Pitha.

Both the Acharyas to uphold the dignity of Bharata seeing that it has experienced some decay, work continuously to restore it to its past dignity by supporting and sustaining the Vedas, the fundamental life breadth of Bharata and the shastras rooted in them, agama and shilpa and also teach the means for doing this!

Thus in this world, we are indeed fortunate that they will spread the greatness of Kamakoti Pitha,from Rameshvaram to Himalayas. It is not just people from India but people from other countries too consider themselves grateful by darshana of the Shricharana and His shishya Shricharana and by seeing their puja and hearing their upadesha and spread the greatness of Kanchi Kshetra, Kamakoti Pitha and Bhagavati Kanakshi thus rendering the people of those countries fortunate, saying thus it establishes the tenet of Manu, स्वं स्वं चरित्रं शिक्षेरन् पृथिव्यां सर्वमानवा:।

Victory to Kamakoti Pitham! Victory to Kamakoti Pitham! Victory to Kamakoti Pitham! (3/3)

Source: Translation of the original Skt. Article published- Kumbabhishekham of Shri Kanchi Kamakshi Temple in 1976,

Kamakshi and Kamakoti Pitham – 2

English Translation of Samskrta article of Panditaraja Pattabhirama Shastri, Vidyavachaspati Varanasi – Part-2

In the tenth adhyaya of Kamakshi Vilasa the location of Kanchipuram in the earth is described. “पुरा यत्र स्रोतःपुलिनमधुना” as Bhavabhuti said how many ever changes can be shown, those are merely to be taken as incidental.

In the works of poets such as kavyas and natakas that are born from the inspired poetry of poets, even though they are based on Puranas there is some alteration. Poets for the pleasure of connoisseur write poetry, but Maharshis do not expound the puranas in that manner. Neither did they use the faculties of imagination nor hyperbole, they had the minds to engrave things as they were. The Maharshis were endowed with divine vision to see scenes that are not of this world. Their efforts and writing the puranas were not to please others minds, seek fame, or to seek enormous wealth but being endowed with a mind focussed on examining the tattvas espoused in the Veda, they operated according to the injunction “The meanings of the Veda has to be seen along with the statements in itihaasa and purana.

Bhattapada when describing the nature of pramanya of the entirety of Samskrta literature, in the Smrtyadhikarana says,

“Thus the instructions are also from the words in the itihasa and purana. The stories however are to be taken as arthavaada (ie words of praise with the intent to make someone undertake an act). Even foretelling the future is also based on the Veda on account of the extraordinary knowledge of the dharma and adharma anushthanas owing to the changes of yugas and the nature of yugas since time memorial.” (Shabara Bhashyam Page. 166 Pune edition), saying thus he explains the knowledge of the Maharshis, the writers of the Puranas.

In this manner, when looking at the Kamakshi Vilasa in the Markandeya Purana, Kanchipuram, the descriptions of all the temples there that precede it, it is understood that this place Kamakoshta is the abode of Paramba Kamakshi. The word koshtha means antargrha or innermost sanctum. It also is understood that this is a place that fulfils all desires. Thus the end of desire, the highest refuge. The place where the desires of all beings are attained. Hence this Kamakoti Pitham is sacred.

Kama is the third purushartha; the fourth purushartha is moksha; That is expressed by the word koti. The word Kamakoshtha/ Kamakoti indicates that for the people of this world who have ordinary worldly aspirations, and for the Maharshis who seek this extraordinary thing, moksha, are obtained in this place of penance. Alternately it was because Jagadamba who revived Kama who was burnt by the eye of Rudra and gave him life in crores. This is the place where the krcchra penance obtained fruition. Due to the depth of the navel, this Kamakoshtakam is also in the form of bilam. This Kamakoshta is the essence of all great kshetras. (2/3)

Kamakshi and Kamakoti Pitham – 1

English Translation of Samskrtam article by
Panditaraja Pattabhirama Shastri, Vidyavachaspati, Varanasi, Part-1

From the time of Parameshvara’s first srshti unto this minute, Bharatadesha is counted amongst the most sacred. What may be the reason for this?

Even if the parabrahma is devoid of qualities, form or blemish, and is truly sacchidananda, it takes various forms with various names at various times due to the divine lila, in order to establish dharma and punish the evil, incarnating in various places on earth in the forms such as Rama, Krishna and Nrsimha and walks all over Bharatabhumi thus sanctifying it. Further creating men of great wisdom and the seers of the darshanika tattvas and philosophical systems such as Vyasa, Jaimini, Kapila and Gautama enriching the mind and intellect of human beings.

With the ocean of Vedas, which was the primary cause for creation, establishing granthas for countless shrauta and smarta karmanushthana for the welfare and conduct of this world, and sages such as Apastamba – Katyayana- Baudhayana- Latyayana Maharshis were the cause of the greatness and glory of Bharata Mata. Vyasa and Markandeya Maharshis wrote countless puranas writing many things worthy of practising and following thus proclaiming the fame for Bharata’s itihasa. Smrtinibandhanakaras such as Manu and Yajnavalkya codified rules for the society enabled human beings to live in an orderly manner knowing their limits.

The crest jewels of Bharata – poets such as Bhasa, Kalidasa and and Bhavabhuti enriched and propagated Samskrta literature.

Sacred rivers such as Ganga, Krishna and Godavari and tirthas worshipped by Maharshis flow across Bharata bhumi sanctifying her. Various temples, sthalas, tirthas and Pithas that increase the spiritual shakti illuminate the eminence of Bharatadesha. Such being the case and reasons for its glory, what is to doubt the preeminence of Bharatadesha? It is true that it is due to the great fruition of our purvapunya that we were born in this sacred nation.

In this renowned Bharatadesha, there are some that are kshetras, some tirthas and some Pithas. Wherever we set our eyes on, we experience in these great temples the presence of devatas, the living of yogis, mahatmas and great devotees, the people whose hearts are purified by the adhyayana of veda and shastra, the constant travelling of those of great learning and immersed in shrauta, smarta karmas. Among these tirthas,

it is possible to say that the city of Kanchipuram is bestowed with all of these qualities is not hyperbole. Kanchipuram is divyakshetram, divyatirtham and divyapitam.Even now in Kanchi, jivanmuktas and Mahatmas dwell; it is the place of residence of panditas learned in the four shastras. Here Vedas, the pramana of Bharatadesha resound. To answer the question of what the cause of this kind of greatness is one has to say that it is here that lotus-eyed shakti Kamakshi the Paramba’s abode is.

The Goddess Herself says in the Kamakshivilasam of Markandeya Purana,

“यथा सुधार्णवेचाहं मम श्री पुरसत्तमे ।

सामर्थ्यरूपा जगति शक्तिरित्यभिधानतः ॥

कामाक्षीति तथात्रापि सन्तानादिवरप्रदा ।

निवसाम्यमरा यूयं सदा मद्दर्शने रताः”

श्रीपुरादधिकेऽत्रैव स्थितिं कुरुत निश्चलाम् ॥ इति ।

From these it can be ascertained that Kanchi is a divyakshetram. Others may be kshetras but this is a divyakshetram whether it be for devas, human beings or for rakshasas for they all attempted to acquire some power and achieved success there.

There was a time when the devas and humanbeings could see each other, talk to each other and go to each other’s places and be of assistance. With Bhagavan Vasishtha’s anugraha, Raghu the son of Dilipa received a divine chariot that could go from place to place in the sky, how else could he get the horse for the ashvamedha conducted by his father Dilipa and battle against Devaraja and win? Arjuna was given ardhaasana by Devaraja.Thus many kings, having requested by Devaraja rendered assistance in battle.

Here, in Kanchi Bhagavati the form of Shakti orders the devas, “You all stay here”. Even now we see in Kanchipuram, there are many temples for all the devatas. Hence this is a divyakshetram.

Kanchi is the central part of the bhuvalayam. Just as the central part of the human body is the navel, likewise is Kanchi. Like the armor, it protects all the creatures. All living creatures take the essence of food from the mother through the umbilical cord in the navel for sustenance when they are in the womb. Hence among the sharira avayavas, there is an important place for the navel as among all the places of this world, Kanchipuram acquires primary importance on account of its being the navel centre and also because of Sati devi’s navel falling here.

It is said in the Markandeya Purana

जगत्कामकलाकारं नाभिस्थानं भुवः परम् ।

पदपद्मस्य कामाक्ष्या महापीठमुपास्महे || इति ।

From this it can be ascertained that among the 51 Shakti Pithas this is an important pitham. This is also elaborated in detail in Meru Tantra in the Nityashodashikarnava and Jnanarnava and other tantra granthas. Due to the depth of the nabhi this Pitha is in the form of a bilam.

This kshetram is known in five names such as Kamakoshtam, KamakotiShripuram, bhuH, bhadram, jivanmuktipuram.Just as the central hub of a wheel is important for the moving of a wheel, likewise for the movement of the wheel of samsara, deciding that Kanchipuram the central part or the nabhisthana, bilam is Kamakoshtam, Kamakshi rules there and sets in motion this samsara chakra. The name Kanchi is also well known as the abharana or the ornament worn in the waist. The waist is the middle portion of the body. Thus the central portion of Bhudevi, the waist portion became known as Kanchi with its etymologically significant name. This is not a name that was just made up but is mentioned in the Puanas. (1/3)

Shivarahasyam – Kashi and Kanchi – Part 3

Shivarahasyam also acquires great significance in the Gangadi Vijaya Yatra of 1934 of Shri Chandrashekharendra Saraswati Shankaracharya Swamigal, the 68th Acharya of Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Mulamnaya SarvajnaPitham.

When some scholars questioned the validity of the Kanchi Kamakoti Pitham, Shivarahasyam was considered as evidence and one of the important pramana granthas for the charitam of Shri Shankara Bhagavatpada.

The sixteenth adhyaya of the ninth amsha of this Shivarahasyam narrates the history of Shivabhaktas beginning with that of Shri Shankara Bhagavatpada. This text says that He incarnated 2000 years after the beginning of Kaliyuga.

Many granthas accept the pramanya of Shivarahasyam. Shivarahasyam is also quoted in nibandhanagranthas such as nirnayasindhu and the Advaitarajyalakshmi commentary of Madhaviya Shankara Vijayam.

Sadananda who wrote the Shankara Digvijaya Saram, a summary of Madhaviya Shankara Vijayam refers to both Shivarahasyam and Anandagiriyam and that he writes his text after examining them.

शैवे सूचितमादितो यतिवरैर्बद्धे पुरा ग्रन्थतो

ऽगाधे शङ्करदिग्जये निजधिया वीक्ष्याहमेवाततम् ।

सिद्धान्तं श्रुतिसद्गिरां किल ततो निष्कृष्य संक्षेपतः

कुर्वे स्वात्मविशुद्धये स्फुटममुं तत्सारमेवादरात् ॥

During the Gangadi Vijaya Yatra a large body of scholars and Panditas of Kashi gathered, headed by Tarkaratna Panchanana Bhattacharya, and weighed and examined all the pramanas. The body of scholars wholeheartedly accepted the validity of the Mulamnaya Sarvajna Pitha and its sthapana by Shri Bhagavatpada after carefully weighing all the textual evidence.

In the Shivarahasya, Shiva gives the five lingas to Shri Shankara Bhagavatpada and asks Him to take these lingas and worship them thrice a day. To this day, the Jagadgurus of the Kanchi Kamakoti Mulamnaya Sarvajna Pitham offer puja to Shri Chandramaulishvara three times a day.

The Shivarahasyam concludes that by worshipping these five lingas named Yoga, Bhoga, Vara, Siddhi ( Moksha) and Mukti in His digvijaya, Shri Bhagavatpada defeated scholars and then ascended the Sarvajna Peetham in Kanchipuram in the sannidhi of Shri Kamakshi Devi.

तद्योगभोगवरसिद्धिविमुक्तिनाम-लिङ्गार्चनाधिगत-दिग्विजयः प्रकामम्।

सर्वज्ञपीठमधिरुह्य विजित्य मिश्रान् काञ्च्यां शिवे तव पुरः स च सिद्धिमाप॥ ४६ ॥

In a publication from Shri Vallabharama Shaligrama Sanga Vedavidyalaya titled “Adishankara Pujakalpa” the preface by Purushottamashrama Swami in 1992 says that an old copy of Shivarahasyam was available in Kashi Naresha Pustakalaya and copy was with Panditaraja Rajeshvara Shastri Dravid. The tippani of this also contains extracts from Anandagiriya Shankara Vijaya from Shri Rama Taraka Matha Pustakalaya, thus establishing the pramanya and importance of these two granthas for both the Shankaracharitam and for Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Mulamnaya Sarvajna Pitham.

According to the Royal Modi records of the Tanjore Mahratta kingdom, it is documented that Maharaja Serfoji obtained a copy of the Shivarahasyam manuscript from Varanasi. This itihasa which is a valuable piece of ancient literature is also safeguarded in numerous libraries across Bharat.

During the later part of the 19th century, some books were published with the altered version of the shodasodhyaya, navamamsha of Shivarahasyam. However, the learned Pandits of Varanasi through their expertise, identified and removed those spurious alterations made in the original text of Shivarahasyam.

They successfully foiled the attempts made by the four math propagandists to diminish the eminence of Kanchi pitham and alter the sacred samadhi sthala of the Acharya in Kanchipuram, by comparing the modern publications with the original Shivarahasyam manuscripts preserved in Varanasi.


[Images: Shivarahasyam, 9th Amsha, 16th Chapter – Gangadi Tirtha Vijaya Yatra of Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetadhipati Jagadguru 1008 Shri Shankaracharya Swami, Published by Shri Madavram Sanda, Shri Jagannatha Shastri Bharadwaj and Shri Damodardas Khanna, Varanasi (1936). ]